CHARLESTON, W.Va. — Gov. Jim Justice has signed a bill dealing with the rights of multiple owners on a single piece of property.
“This co-tenancy law will allow for oil and gas development while protecting the rights of surface, mineral and landowners,” Justice stated in a news release.
Justice at one point a couple of weeks ago indicated he might veto the bill — hoping to consider co-tenancy and another more controversial lease practice known as joint development in a special session that would also consider an increased severance tax on natural gas.
The governor quickly backed off that position, though, and indicated he would sign the co-tenancy bill.
The bill is meant to deal with situations in which property has been divided many times over generations.
The bill would require 75 percent of those with rights on a single tract to approve drilling. Holdouts or those who can’t be located would still have some rights under the bill.
Non-consentors would have two options. They could receive a production royalty equal to the highest percentage royalty paid to one of the consenting parties. Or, they could opt to share in revenue and cost of development — essentially winding up as a participant.
Bills dealing with natural gas drilling and property rights have fallen apart many times over the years, either failing to balance the rights of the various players or being weighed down by a variety of inter-related issues.
The co-tenancy bill has been shepherded through the legislative process by both natural gas companies and a coalition of West Virginia land owners and mineral owners organizations.
Work has been done to cobble the bill together since before the legislative session even started, as Governor Justice gathered those on various sides of the issue to try to find some common ground.
The West Virginia Oil and Natural Gas Association expressed pleasure that the co-tenancy bill was signed, saying it represents years of work, negotiation, and compromise.
“It will allow access to the enormous amounts of oil and gas that we are sitting upon, make us competitive with our surrounding states in the Marcellus and Utica shales, and provide opportunities for downstream investments that could result in thousands of jobs and a game changing economy for this state,” said Anne Blankenship, director of the association.
The West Virginia Land and Mineral Owners Association expressed appreciation for the coalition that shepherded the legislation through.
“We know that it will bring additional economic development and tax revenues to our state,” said Jason Webb, a lobbyist for the association.
“Our members will now be able to develop their properties more efficiently with the passage of this legislation.”
Post-production expenses bill
The Supreme Court ruled last May that state law allows natural gas production companies to subtract “reasonable post-production expenses” from royalties it pays to people with royalties rights on drilling projects.
A ruling the prior year by the Court said a 1982 state law didn’t allow for the expenses to be subtracted. The court voted to rehear the question and came up with a different interpretation in the Leggett vs. EQT case.
The West Virginia Royalty Owners Association applauded the passage and signing of that bill and the co-tenancy bill.
“These bills show that West Virginia is a leader in protecting landowners, mineral owners and economic development while updating our laws for the horizontal drilling era,” said Tom Huber, president of the royalty owners association.
Senator Charles Clements, R-Wetzel, was one of the first advocates for the bill on post-production expenses.
“It wasn’t given much of a chance to pass. I worked that bill pretty hard and slowly started getting support for it. I’ve got to give a lot of credit to Senator Smith for getting that bill out of Mining and Energy Committee, and once it got out it started getting momentum,” Clements said.
“It was something we really needed. There were so many people in West Virginia who had these leases they were taking those post-production expenses on. They were just not getting the royalties they deserved.”